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Canine

Bordetella

This vaccine should be updated every six months.

Bronchiseptica is a bacterium commonly associated with respiratory disease in dogs. It can also infect cats, rabbits, and, in rare cases, humans. It is one of the more common bacterial causes of canine infectious tacheobronchitis, which is also sometimes called kennel cough. Bordetella is highly contagious and easily transmitted through the air or direct contact.


Distemper

After 1 yearly vaccination, this becomes a 3 year vaccine.

Canine distemper is a highly contagious viral illness similar to the measles in humans. Your dog can contract the virus through direct contact with an infected animal or through indirect contact such as with bedding or food bowls used by infected animals or wildlife feces. Symptoms include a high fever, weakness, coughing, vomiting and diarrhea. As the disease progresses, it attacks the nervous system and may cause seizures and paralysis. In certain strains of distemper, hardening of the foot pads may occur. The severity of the disease depends on the strain and the age of the dog. For adult dogs, the mortality rate is less than 50%. For puppies, however, the mortality rate is as high as 80%.


Adenovirus-2 and Parainfluenza

Vaccines for these viruses are given in combination with the Distemper vaccine.

Adenovirus-2 and parainfluenza are two different viruses that can play roles in kennel cough. So can the bacterium Bordetella bronchiseptica. Symtoms include loud coughs, runny noses and mucus discharge, wheezing and decreased appetite. No treatment is available for the viral infections. Antibiotics and cough suppressants treat secondary bacterial infections and treat symptoms.


Parvovirus

This vaccine is given in combination with the Distemper vaccine.

Parvovirus is a fast-acting virus with a high mortality rate. The virus an survive in the environment for up to a year, so just a simple walk around the block is enough for your dog to contract the virus when he/she stops to sniff where another dog may have been. Symptoms begin with a loss of appetite, vomiting and diarrhea. A strong, distinctive odor is present; the stool may contain mucus or blood. Puppies are more commonly affected and are at higher risk of mortality, though parvovirus can affect dogs of any age. There is no cure, but early treatment with intravenous fluids increases the change of survival. With most cases, the survival rate is 70%.


Leptospirosis

This vaccine is originally given in combination with the Distemper vaccine but must be updated yearly.

Leptospirosis is caused by a bacteria spread through soil, water, and the urine of infected animals, and if not caught early it can be deadly. There is a vaccine available for the most common subtypes of the bacteria that infect dogs, but it's not always a recommended part of the routine vaccination protocol.


Rabies

After 1 yearly vaccination, this becomes a 3 year vaccine.

The primary way the Rabies virus is transmitted to dogs in the United States, is through a bite from a disease carrier: foxes, raccoons, skunks, and bats but humans may contract the virus as well. It can take up to a month to develop, but once the symptoms have begun, the virus progresses rapidly. The first symptoms of rabies may be very similar to those of the flu including general weakness or discomfort, fever, or headache, This may last a few days and there may be also be discomfort such as a prickling or itching sensation at the site of bite, progressing within days to symptoms of cerebral dysfunction, anxiety, confusion, and agitation or aggression.


Canine Influenza

This is a yearly vaccine.

Canine Influenza, or dog flu, is a highly contagious respiratory infection of dogs that is caused by an influenza A virus. In the U.S., canine influenza has been caused by two influenza strains. It is spread much like our flu virus, through coughing, sneezing and by those who are uninfected, coming in contact with contaminated objects. Symptoms resemble those of Bordetella. Dogs who are infected, develop a persistent cough and may develop a thick nasal discharge and fever. Infections can cause mild to severe illness but some dogs may not show any signs of illness. However, they can still be contagious and easily infect others.

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